The Arcana Arcanorum - Scala di Napoli - 1751 to 1790

Have you read the first part yet?

We know that Scottish Freemasonry in Naples was officially introduced in 1745, except for the brief initial interlude under the Austrian viceroyalty in the city of Naples alone, and that it was placed under the new National Grand Master of Naples and Sicily, the Prince of Sansevero, Raimondo di Sangro in October 1750.

Don Raimondo had already founded his own Lodge in the Sansevero Palace, with initiatory shrine in its chapel, since August 3, 1747; the Lodge had the name Rosa d'Ordine Magno, an anagram of Raimondo de Sangro. The lodge practiced in its ritual scale, in addition to the three so-called "Blue" degrees, but also high degrees,m of the Scottish or Adonhiramite Rite; the 4th of Secret or Arcane Master, the 9th called Elected of the 9 and the 18th degree of Sublime Philosopher, equivalent to the degree of Knight Prince Rose+Cross. This ritual progress was published in Naples on January 12, 1751 by the private printing house of the Prince of Sansevero.

From 1751 to 1770 the membership of this Lodge Rosa d'Ordine Magno never exceeded 30 major adepts, 30 Masonic Brothers between Masters and apprentices out of a total of no less than 280 Masons in the Kingdom of Naples as of 1751. Monthly dues to this elite lodge were very expensive, 3 Neapolitan gold ducats per month; in all, by 1770, there were 12 secret masters, 9 Elected of the Nine and 9 sublime philosophers.

These were the members:

- Prince Raimondo de Sangro
- his cousin Prince Gennaro Carafa di Roccella
- the Roman engineer Felice Piccinini
- the Venetian architect Antonio Corradini
- the Swiss Baron Tschudy
(consecrated to that rank on January 12, 1751)
- the Sicilian Prince Moncada of Calvaruso
(consecrated to that supreme degree in Naples on April 12, 1751)
- the English ambassador to Naples Lord Herdenesse
(from October 1750)
- the artillery officer Venier
- the Spanish captain Don Pedro De Vega
(adjutant of the Apulian provincial infantry regiment Capitanata di Foggia, commanded by Raimondo de Sangro, De Vega was the father of Luisa Sanfelice, the Venetian ambassador to Naples)
- the Austrian ambassador to Naples, Georg Wenzeslaus Knobeldorff
(himself a Prussian royal architect charged with business in Naples on behalf of the Freemason King Frederick of Prussia)
- the Abbot Benedict Latilla
(private confessor of King Charles III of Naples)
- the Reverend Pier Peggi
(canon of Pope Benedict XIV in Rome)
- the Reverend Giuseppe Orlando
(of the Congregation of the Celestines in Naples)
- the Reverend Antonio Sarao in Naples
- the Priest Pattoni in Naples
(formerly Primo Sorgegliante of the Neapolitan Tschudy Lodge)
- the Marquis Gazzola
(brother of Prince Gennaro Carafa di Roccella)
- Carlo Carafa duke of Maddaloni
(cousin of the Carafa di Roccella and cousin of the San Severo)
- Cremer the elder

(captain of the Swiss d'Haineau Regiment in Naples and diplomatic envoy ambassador of the King of Denmark to Naples, this Danish ambassador to Naples was received in 1750 in the Rosa d'Ordine Magno lodge and assigned on Feb. 12, 1751 in the Lodge of the Swiss Baron Tschudy, in the First Superior Degree of Scottish Master or Secret Master and passed on April 12, 1751 to the Elected, the Second Superior Degree of the 9, assigned to the new Neapolitan Moncada Lodge directed by Prince Moncada ,a Sicilian, colonel of the Sicilian regiment of the King Prince of Calvaruso, Knight of San Gennaro since 1740 in Naples)

- the noble Bertoli, guard of the Corps of the King of Naples.

The meeting day of the Rosa d'Ordine Magno Lodge of Naples was every 24th of the month in Sansevero Palace on the piano nobile, in the Apartment of the Phoenix, passing under the covered bridge in the nearby Sansevero Chapel in the evening, with inner and outer cover well more than 4 lesser military brothers to 4 places outside the palace gate and those is the Masons:

- Careras captain of the cavalry regiment in Naples
- Juach colonel of the Swiss regiment
- Wotser captain of the Juanch regiment
- Vetter captain of the same regiment.

More spaced out in an isolated way by pre-warning of prudence with whistles, three Freemason brothers, between Piazza San Domenico Maggiore, calata San Severo and via Trinità dei Monti, the brothers, Puttigher lieutenant of the Juanch regiment, Ochan lieutenant of the same regiment, Aghirre exempt of the bodyguards of the King of Naples, these captains and lieutenants were all members of the Moncada lodge at the Riviera di Chiaia, since April 12, 1751.

Just think, the monthly obolus of 3 ducats due for membership and monthly tuition of the Lodge Rosa d Ordine Magno was very expensive: other Lodges took only 3 ducats annually; to give you a better understanding, the monthly salary of a Bourbon colonel was 80 ducats, a captain 45 ducats, a lieutenant 22 ducats, a marshal of lodgings 6 ducats and a half, a sergeant 2 ducats and 70granks, a royal civil officer of low rank 7 ducats monthly, a municipal scribe 3 or 5 ducats monthly.

The lodge kept moving their secret headquarters in October 1751, as Neapolitan Freemasonry was persecuted, moving to the palazzo ai Vergini in Naples, the Palazzo dello Spagnuolo, until 1764. The palace was owned by Colonel the nobleman Giuseppe Moscati, owner of the beautiful Villa Moscati Prota in Contrada Leopardi in Torre del Greco bordering Torre Annunziata (to wit, where the film "The Priest's Hat" was filmed).

As Moscati was a friend and new Freemason of Prince Raimondo di Sangro and from 1753 he welcomed in place of the late Freemason the Venetian architect Antonio Corradini, the engineer Celebrano among his members and from 1763 the new Freemason Danish ambassador and banker and neo-templar owner of Villa Heigelin in Capodimonte.

The headquarters would be moved again in 1764 when Colonel Moscati died, thanks to a subsidized tenancy in the house of Palazzo Mirelli, prince of Teora, father-in-law of Duke Vincenzo di Sangro, son of Prince Raimondo di Sangro, and the following year moved again to Palazzo Sansevero in Piazza San Domenico Maggiore, Apartment of the Phoenix, for the entrance of the future Prince of Sansevero, Don Vincenzo di Sangro, taking first the name “Lodge to the Star” from 1752 and then always by outer cover of the Lodge of "The Perfect Union" in memory of the first historical Neapolitan Lodge in the Austrian period.

The adonhiramite degrees under Raimondo di Sangro were three Scottish high degrees called adonhiramites, and especially the 3 supreme degree were imbued with studies of Kabbalah, astrology, alchemy, and philosophy, at the suggestion of the young Baron Tschudy, drawing on Templar terminology dear to Raimondo di Sangro and the Strict European Observance and the alchemical work of Marquis Santinelli of Pesaro who was passing through Naples in 1667, whose reincarnation Tschudy believed himself to be.

The main ritual appeal was Rosicrucian, Kabbalistic and Hebrew, with letters transmitted in 1750 by the Count of Saint Germain from Paris to Naples to Don Raimondo di Sangro through Lord Herdenesse (the English ambassador to Naples).

The official headquarters from Nov. 23, 1789, was moved by Prince Vincent for prudence to the di Sangro castle of TorreMaggiore in Apulia and at his death in 1790 to the Masonic lodge the Watchtower of Villa Heigelin in Capodimonte directed by the noble cadet, Giovani Battista Di Sangro last son of the Prince of Sansevero, born in 1750 in Naples, a young Noble Guard at age 18 of the King of Naples in the Body Guards, a Freemason with his brother Vincenzo di Sangro and testamentary curator of his father Raimondo in 1771 and his brother Vincenzo in 1779.

From 1764 the young knight Giuseppe Tommaso d'Aquino, Knight of Malta and Mason at the Lodge of St. John of Scotland in Malta from 1762 and fellow Mason at the Lodge of St. John of Scotland in Palermo from 1763, brother of Prince Francesco Marsiconuovo d'Aquino of Caramanico, Grand Master Mason in Naples from 1773 to 1775 and neo-templar with Prince Naselli and cousin di Sangro, was a member at Sansevero Palace.

The latter, in Sicily, protected the young Marquis Giuseppe Balsamo da Messina, a scholar of Kaballah, alchemy, hydromantic and aeonic evocations (or negromatics of the Hebrew Kabbalist type), inspired in part theoretically by Ancient Egypt; had him consecrated to the Lodge of Malta and took him as a teacher of Kabbala and Alchemy from 1766, presenting him to Prince Raimondo di Sangro at the end of the year and in early 1767 also to his son Duke Vincenzo di Sangro, since Giuseppe d'Acquino had since 1766 enrolled in the Perfect Union Lodge of Naples directed by Vincenzo Di Sangro.

Marquis Balsamo, born in 1748 in Messina, traveled under a pseudonym (Marquis Pellegrini) and was sent to Rome in 1768 with letters from the Knights of Malta through Vincenzo de Sangro and Giuseppe Tommaso d'Acquino (Altotas' Initiatic name), and Balsamo would eventually become famous as Count of Cagliostro.

From 1767 a renewed Ritual system of Freemasonry was developed in Naples that took its cue from Baron Tschudy's alchemical, evovative and Kabbalistic system of the Blazing Star. Baron Tschudy had been a secret guest from 1751 to November 1753 of the Sansevero family at the di Sangro castle in Torremaggiore to keep him from being arrested by the Bourbon gendarmerie and extradited to the papal gendarmerie in Rome (given his conviction as a Freemason and antipapalist for writings published in Naples by the San Severo printing house clandestinely in the years 1751) and brought from Manfredonia port to Naples in November 1753 by the San Severo's private sailing felucca and secretly embarked on the Dutch war frigate Phoenix for Amsterdam.

In 1766 Tschudy had published in Paris the Rituaria Alchemica evocative of the Blazing Star on ideas of Santinelli and Raimondo di Sangro adapted by him in a form we might call pre Arcana Arcanorum.

Such a system was called in Naples from 1767, Arcana Arcanorum Scala di Napoli, veiled in a Hebrew Kabbalistic key, but with also ancient Egyptian cues taken from the esoteric tradition brought to Naples by the Egyptian-Alexandrian colony of Naples from 67 A.D., as well as in Pompeii and Roman Cumae until 405 A.D., through the Academies of Della Porta and on the Pontonian Academy of Aragonese Naples with the 1600 myth of the double death of Baldassare Vitali of Como.

One work above all, that of 1671 dedicated to physical immortality; the work was divided into 17 sonnets and were read and studied in the eighteenth century by Raimondo di Sangro in 1745, by Tschudy in 1750, by Cagliostro and Altotas (the Count of Aquinas) in 1767, was thus worked out the definitive Egyptian Arcana Arcanorum system in 1777 that would be mailed to the Venetian Lodge "The Relatives of the Island of Zante" by Vincenzo di Sangro, the new Prince of Sansevero, with the division on three minor Egyptian Osiric Masonic degrees called the Memphis Scale equal to the Scottish Freemasonry of the first three degrees or the future three degrees of Cagliostro, surmounted by three Egyptian degrees similar to Raimondo di Sangro's three Adonhiramites, but no longer Scottish, but called Osirian Egyptian with personal alchemical magic and Kabbalistic eonic evocative magic at the time, and on Osirian Egyptian Rite of Naples of 67 A.D. properly called the Scale of Abydus or precisely Arcana Arcanorum - Scala di Napoli between 1777 and 1778.

In 1783 Giuseppe D'Aquino of Caramanico, Altotas, died in Naples, watched over by Cagliostro or Marquis Balsamo who returned to Naples in haste because of the master's illness and soon after left for France. Cagliostro founds Egyptian Freemasonry in three evocative degrees in 1783 while King Frederick II of Prussia formalizes the 33 Scottish Masonic degrees throughout Europe in 1786, putting to sleep the Illuminati of Bavaria and then neo-templars by 1789.

Vincenzo di Sangro also died of poison in Torremaggiore in 1790 as did his father and 5 years later his cousin Prince Francesco D'Aquino of Caranmanico in January 1795 grand master and Viceroy of Sicily, and in San Leo in the Marches the Marquis Giuseppe Balsamo, alias Count of Cagliostro in 1795 was made to die of various beatings and torments in papal prison.

But Cagliostro's Egyptian Freemasonry triumphs in Naples....
From 1793 to 1799 and is revived by Marco Bedaridde in 1805 in Villa Heigelin seat of the new Danish ambassador and neo-templar diplomatic legate and so in Paris in 1818 and in Naples there is the grand Cofto of the Rite of Cagliostro, in the two Sicilies, Baron Lorenzo of Montemayor, born in 1775 and died in 1841, who published the Catechism of Cagliostro in Naples in 1820, with the Arcana Arcanorum of the di Sangro of Naples as its basis.

Michele Di Iorio
Ordine Egizio Osirideo 
Sovereign Grand Sanctuary of Ionia
October 19, 2019